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How to ask where are you from in Spanish?

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How to ask where are you from in Spanish?

how to ask where are you from in Spanish

I’m sure you’ll need to know how to ask where are you from in Spanish? when you meet another person or make a new friend. So on this post I’ll teach you how to ask where are you from in Spanish as well as how to answer by means of the corresponding nationality. It’s important for you to know how to say your own nationality, but also other ones if you want to understand other people. Let’s go then!

Where are you from in Spanish is asked ¿De dónde eres? De = from / dónde = where / eres = are. You may be wondering where you is in our question in Spanish, but I must say that personal pronouns in Spanish are very frequently omitted. So eres is are and you is omitted, it’s not necessary and actually, Spanish speakers tend to omit them when speaking. If you want to sound natural, omit pronouns too!

The answer to Where are you from is as follows: Soy americano = I am Spanish. Soy = am / americano = American. As you can see, the personal pronoun has been omitted again.

Something you must know is that in Spanish nationalities are not written in capital letters, but lower case letters.

GENDER AND NUMBER IN NATIONALITIES

Nationalities are adjectives and, as any other adjectives in Spanish, have gender and number, which means they change depending on masculine, feminine, singular and plural. For example:

  • español = singular, masculine
  • española = singular, feminine
  • españoles = plural, masculine
  • españolas = plural, feminine

HOW TO MAKE NATIONALITIES IN SPANISH?

Nationalities are made by means of different endings. Please have a look at the following table where you can see the different endings that be can applied to make nationalities:

 

ENDING NATIONALITY NATIONALITY
1.       Ano Mejicano Sudafricano
2.       Eño Brasileño Madrileño
3.       Ino Argelino Argentino
4.       és Inglés Senegalés
5.       ense / iense Estadounidense Canadiense
6.       a Belga
7.       í Paquistaní Marroquí
8.       ú Hindú
9.       o Chino Ruso
10.   cio Egipcio
11.   án Alemán

Here’s an audio for you to practise the pronunciation of nationilities:

 

There is not a rule to know which ending is the appropriate one to be used, so I advise you to study them by heart.

As we said before, you need to make use of the gender and number. Let’s take the example of Mejicano (Mexican), which is singular and masculine. To make it feminine, we add the ending a: mejicana, to make it plural masculine, ending o for masculine and s for plural: mejicanos and for feminine plural, a for feminine and s for plural: mejicanas. We apply this rule when the word ends in o, so: o-a-os-as

This above rule is applied when the nationality ends in o. Another example: chino, china, chinos, chinas / egipcio, egipcia, egipcios, egipcias.

If the nationality ending is és, this is the rule: és, esa, eses, esas = inglés, inglesa, ingleses, inglesas.

If the nationality ending is ense, the rule is as follows: ense, ensa, enses,  ensas = estadounidense, estadounidensa, estadounidenses, estadounidensas.

If the nationality ends in a, we apply the same rule for masculine and feminine, for example:

  • He is Belgian = él es belga
  • She is Belgian = ella es belga

For the plural we only need to add an -s: belgas, for both masculine and feminine.

For endings í and ú, the same ending is used for masculine and feminine, and to make them plural = íes. For example:

  • He is Pakistani = él es paquistaní
  • She is Pakistani = ella es paquistaní
  • They are Pakistani = ellos son paquistaníes.

For ending án, these are the endings to apply: án, ana, anes, anas. For example: alemán, alemana, alemanes, alemanas.

Here’s a list with some more nationalities so that you can study as many as possible:

  1. Sudádrica: sudraficano, sudafricana, sudafricanos, sudafricanas
  2. Suiza: suizo, suiza, suizos, suizas
  3. Francia: francés, francesa, franceses, francesas
  4. Japón: japonés, japonesa, japoneses, japonesas
  5. Portugal: portugués, portugesa, portugueses, portugesas
  6. Italia: italiano, italiana, italianos, italianas
  7. Suecia: sueco, sueca, suecos, suecas
  8. Argentina: argentino, argentina, argentinos, argentinas
  9. Corea: coreano, coreana, coreanos, coreanas
  10. Argelia: argelino, argelina, argelinos, argelinas

Don’t miss the following audio in which you’ll be able to practise the above nationalities:

 

And that’s all for today. If you think this post could be of interest for your mates, please share it on social media.

Keep in touch! 🙂

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