Numbers in Spanish
Let’s work on the numbers in Spanish, which is as in any other language, essential to manage a real-life situation.
Numbers are used in countless moments, that is, to give instructions, to express your age, for telephone numbers, for dates, for prices, among others. So, if you are a student of Spanish, who wants to become fluent in this language, read this post carefully and try to practise numbers as much as you can.
Today we’ll focus on number 0-100.
32 TREINTA Y DOS
33 TREINTA Y TRES
44 CUARENTA Y CUATRO
55 CINCUENTA Y CINCO
66 SESENTA Y SEIS
77 SETENTA Y SIETE
88 OCHENTA Y OCHO
99 NOVENTA Y NUEVE
As you can see, between tens and units, y is required: treinta y dos, cuarenta y cinco, sesenta y ocho, sententa y tres and so forth. In twenties, y is also used but the spelling is different as we use i, instead of y: veintiuno, veintidos, veintitres, veinticuatro, etc.
Here’s the audio for you to practise:
Once you have learnt these numbers in Spanish and you have practised over and over again (remember practice makes perfect!), you are ready to learn how to use these numbers in a real conversation so, here we go!
- TO EXPRESS YOUR AGE
The question you will be asked is: ¿Cuántos años tienes? (How old are you?) or ¿Qué edad tienes? or ¿Cuál es tu edad? (What is your age?) and your answer must be: Tengo __30___ años. As it happens in English, we can omit the word “años” and just say “Tengo 30” and even “tengo” and just say “30”. And the question ¿Cuál es tu edad? I must say is used in more formal situation, you wouldn’t use it in informal situations with friends.
- FOR TELEPHONE NUMBERS
If you want to ask another person about their telephone number, you will need to use the following question: ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? (What’s your telephone number?) and to answer, just say the numbers in Spanish: 852 23 21 00. Try to pronounce them correctly and clearly as a misundertanding in one number could lead you to miss an important conversation.
- FOR DATES
Dates are quite important as they will be needed to make appointments, say when your birthday is, arrange get-togethers, etc.
This is the rule to express dates in Spanish: el + number + de + month of the year = el 6 de mayo (the 6th of May). Something important for to you to keep in mind is that we don’t use ordinal numbers as you do in English for our dates. While in English you say sixth, which is the ordinal number, we say “seis”, which is a cardinal number. The = el and of = de.
Obviously you need to know how to say months, which we will study on another post.
Say you were asked when your birthday is: ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? You would say: Es el 7 de junio = it’s the 7th of June, or you wanted to know when your appointment is, you would ask: ¿Cuándo es mi cita? = Es el 10 de septiembre = it’s on the 10th of September. As you can see, in English you say “on” before dates, but in Spanish, we don’t.
- FOR PRICES
An essential question when you travel an visit a Spanish-speaking country is that of the price, ¿Cuánto cuesta? or ¿Qué precio tiene? o (¿Cuánto es?). These three questions are used to ask How much is it?. For example:
A. ¿Cuánto cuesta el billete de tren de Barcelona a Madrid? = ¿How much is the train ticket from Barcelona to Madrid?
B. 75 euros
Now it’s time for practice. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat them over and over again (or until you are blue in the face). Remember the more you practise, the more fluent you’ll get in Spanish 🙂
A. ¿Cuántos años tienes?
B. Tengo 48 años.
A. ¿Cuántos años tienes, María?
A. ¿Qué edad tienes?
B. Tengo 27.
A. ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
B. 906 540 186
A. ¿Cuando es tu cumpleaños, Marta?
B. Es el 22 de marzo.
A. ¿Cuándo es mi cita, Señor?
B. El 15 de diciembre.
A. ¿Cuánto es la ensalada? = how much is the salad?
B. Son 7 euros con 50. = it is 7 euros and 50 cents.
Keep in mind when prices are said, this is the rule: Son + 5 euros + con+ 30 céntimos = we say son because it is plural, it’s more than one euro, then the euros, then we say CON and finally, the cents.
Right, that’s all for today. If you think this post could be of interest for your mates, please share it on social media.
Keep in touch! 🙂