To be in Spanish
The verb to be in Spanish is called either ser or estar, so there are two verbs in Spanish to define the verb to be in English. This explanation is not intended to explain the difference between ser and estar in Spanish, but to give you good practice on the conjugation of ser.
First I would like to explain to you what I mean when I say ‘conjugation’. The conjugation of a verb refers to the different ways each verb has for each different subject. In the Spanish language conjugations are very important and must be carefully studied as each subject has a different verbal form while in English all subjects have the same forms unless the verb is irregular. This is something I explained to you on previous posts, where I taught you how to say What’s your name in Spanish, so if you need to have a look at them, here you can do it: what’s your name in Spanish?
Let’s take now the example of the verb to be in English: I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, they are. This is the conjugation of the verb to be in English, something that you all have in mind and don’t think about it when you are speaking. In Spanish this is the conjugation:
As you can see, the verb to be in Spanish is an irregular verb, which means there is not a grammar rule you can apply to it in order to conjugate it, but you have to study it by heart. In English the verb to be is also irregular.
Here’s the audio for you to practise its pronunciation.
Once presented and pronounced, let’s see some sentences in which the verb ser has been used:
- Yo soy americano = I am American.
- Tú eres muy alto = you are very tall.
- Él es simpático = he is friendly.
- Ella es mi hermana = she is my sister.
- Usted es muy educado = you are very polite (usted -formal situation).
- Nosotros no somos de Madrid, somos de Barcelona = we are not from Madrid, we are from Barcelona.
- ¿Vosotras sois españolas? = Are you Spanish? (vosotras = feminine plural you).
- Ellos son profesores = they are teachers (ellos = masculine plural)
- Ustedes son muy mayores = you are very old (ustedes -formal situation)
Pay attention to sentence 6, which is negative. If you want to express the verb in negative, you only have to write or say ‘no’ before the verb ser. And remember that in Spanish subjects pronouns are frequently omitted. Do you need an explanation and practice on it? Here it is.
I also recommend your listening to the audio of the previous sentences. The more you listen and repeat, the more fluent you will become! Don’t forget that! 🙂
Finally, here’s an exercise for you to practise the conjugation of to be in Spanish, that is, SER.
- ¿De dónde _______________? (tú)
- ______________ piloto (yo)
- ______________europeos (nosotros)
- ¿ ______________camarera? (tú)
- ¿______________ ellos chinos?
- ______________ muy bajo para jugar al baloncesto (él)
- ¿______________ vosotros hermanos? (vosotros)
- No ______________ ama de casa, ______________ niñera (ella)
- ¿ ______________ usted el Señor Martínez?
- No ______________ amigas (nosotras)
- ¿De dónde _____eres__________? (tú)
- ____Soy__________ piloto (yo)
- ____Somos__________europeos (nosotros)
- ¿ ___Eres___________camarera? (tú)
- ¿___Son___________ ellos chinos?
- ____Es__________ muy bajo para jugar al baloncesto (él)
- ¿___Sois___________ vosotros hermanos? (vosotros)
- No ____es__________ ama de casa, ____es__________ niñera (ella)
- ¿ ___Es___________ usted el Señor Martínez?
- No ___somos___________ amigas (nosotras)
And that’s all today. If you think this post could be of interest for your mates, please share it on social media.
Keep in touch! 🙂