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What’s your name in Spanish

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What’s your name in Spanish

what-s-your-name

Do you know how to say what’s your name in Spanish? If not, keep reading and learn it!

The first thing to learn is personal pronouns, which are as follows:

 

SPANISH PERSONAL PRONOUNS ENGLISH PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Yo I
You
Él He
Ella She
Nosotros/ Nosotras We
Vosotros / Vosotras You
Ellos/ Ellas They

Why are personal pronouns necessary to learn in Spanish? Because unlike in the English language, they are used to ask what’s your name in Spanish. They are used because to form a verb (conjugate as we say in grammar terms), you need to take into consideration the personal pronoun (the person) to choose the corresponding form of the verb as each personal pronoun has a different form.

VERBS ARE MADE BY MEANS OF ENDINGS

The verb llamarse, used to ask what’s your name in Spanish, has the different forms:

 

SPANISH PERSONAL PRONOUNS VERB
Yo me llamo
te llamas
Él se llama
Ella se llama
Nosotros/ Nosotras nos llamamos
Vosotros / Vosotras os llamáis
Ellos/ Ellas se llaman

Yo me llamo = my name is

Tú te llamas = your name is

Él se llama = his name is

Ella se llama = her name is

Nosotros/ as nos llamamos = our name is

Vosotros/ as os llamáis = your name is

Ellos/ as se llaman = their name is

As you can see, we ask what’s your name in a very different way in Spanish and English. In Spanish we use personal pronouns whereas in English we use possessive adjectives (my, your, his, her, our, your, their). In Spanish first you need to choose the person (personal pronoun) and then the corresponding verb.

ENDINGS TO MAKE VERBS

SPANISH PERSONAL PRONOUNS ENDINGS
Yo me llamo
te llamas
Él se llama
Ella se llama
Nosotros/ Nosotras nos llamamos
Vosotros / Vosotras os llamáis
Ellos/ Ellas se llaman

So to conjugate a verb in Spanish, you need to take the verb, what I like to call “the name of the verb” (Infinitivo in grammar terms), in this case: LLAMARSE and take off ARSE, so LLAM (root of the verb) is left. Then we add the corresponding ending to that root:  LLAM + O = LLAMO, so Yo me llamo = My name is / LLAM + AS = LLAMAS, so tú te llamas = your name is / LLAM +A = LLAMA so él se llama = his name is, etc.

This verb, llamarse, also needs me, te, se, nos, os se, but they are invariable, that is, they don’t change. All you have to do is to choose the personal pronoun and then its corresponding me, te, etc + the verb and ending.

Time for practice now!

So far I have explained to you how to say your name. Let’s focus now on the question, how to ask what’s your name in Spanish.

In English we use the interrogative word what; in Spanish we use cómo? So here’s the rule:

¿Cómo + te llamas? = what’s your name?

Just to remind you of one thing we said on another post. In Spanish we tend to omit personal pronouns when speaking, but they are necessary to know which ending you need to use, but they are not said.

More examples:

  1. ¿Cómo se llaman? = what are their name?
  2. ¿Cómo se llama? = ¿what’s his name? OR what’s her name? = Something to bear in mind is that in Spanish there is no difference between her and his, in both cases “se” is used, so you may be wondering how you know if it’s referring to masculine or feminine, good question! It all depends on the context, that is, within a conversation you’ll know! 🙂

Now that we’ve learnt the endings for verbs, I have some good news for you!! You can make any verb in Spanish, or rather, any regular verb! For example, let’s take the verb TRABAJAR (WORK) and take off AR, so TRABAJ is left, and then we add the endings:

 

SPANISH PERSONAL PRONOUNS ENDINGS
Yo

trabajo

trabajas

Él

trabaja

Ella

trabaja

Nosotros/ Nosotras

trabajamos

Vosotros / Vosotras

trabajáis

Ellos/ Ellas

trabajan

Examples:

  1. Yo trabajo en Londres = I work in London.
  2. Ella trabaja de profesora = she works as a teacher.
  3. Ellos trabajan mucho = they work hard.
  4. Tú trabajas de cocinero = you work as a cook.
  5. Vosotros trabajáis en la misma ciudad = you work in the same city.

Shall we practise now? Here’s an audio for you.

And that’s all for today. If you think this post could be of interest for your mates, please share it on social media.
Keep in touch! 🙂

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